Mission and Objectives
The Mission of the University is the discovery, generation and dissemination of knowledge in the service of society. In fulfilling this mission, the University of Asmara aspires to become a national centre of higher learning and scientific inquiry, a genuine seat of freedom, tolerance and culture, and a powerful catalyst for change and social progress. As an integral part of the Eritrean community, it will always endeavour to serve the needs of society, strive to address itself to the challenges facing our people and contribute to the solution of the problems afflicting our country.
To gather, advance and disseminate knowledge and to provide training so as to generate the skills and expertise required for national reconstruction and socio-economic development; To enhance the quality of higher education, to expand its scope and to increase its accessibility through a combination of Day, Evening and Distance programmes; To conduct basic and applied research, independent or collaborative, by Eritrean and non-Eritrean scholars and institutions; To facilitate and organize training Programmes so as to enhance the managerial and technical capacity of Eritrea’s human resources to help enable the country make a transition from the ravages of war to peaceful reconstruction and development; and To contribute to the restoration and improvement of Eritrea’s ruined ecology through applied and developmental agricultural and environmental research.
University of Asmara
A Brief History
Eritrea had a long and important relationship with Italy during the years from 1981 to 1940 when the Italians were the colonial occupiers. It is not surprising that the first institution of higher education, therefore, was established by Italians and modeled after universities in their own country. In 1958, members of the missionary congregation Piae Madres Nigritiae or Camboni Sisters began private education classes for 10 Italian female students. The Holy Family University Institute was founded by Sister Marianora and Sister Fosca with a few Ethiopian Birr and great determination. According to the records, The University was conceived as a local institute, pre-eminately destined for Eritrean students, even if . . .it began with a small group of Italian girls. Their mission was close to the Universitys mission today: The discovery, generation, and dissemination of knowledge in the service of society. This commitment to the service of the development and improvement of life in Eritrea has long been a guiding force in the evolution of the University, from its curriculum, to research, to outside collaborations. In the early years, the curriculum reflected Italian educational plans, and courses were taught in Italian with a view to preparing students to receive the laurea degree from a university in Italy. After opening with courses in modern languages, economics and commerce, by 1960 they added mathematics, engineering and architecture. Because there was a shortage of high school graduates prepared to work at the university level, the Sisters launched a pre-university one-year program in 1960, granting successful candidates the Prep-School Leaving Certificate which would grant them entry into the University. By 1964, the University College was inaugurated, offering Associate Diploma programs in arts, commerce, and science. The perseverance and determination of the Camboni Sisters was unflagging. They managed to secure the necessary funds to begin construction on a new building to house the growing number of students (486 by 1963). In 1964, Emperor Haile Selassie attended the ceremony laying the first stone for todays Main Building. Continued growth saw enrollment exceed 1,500 students in 1968-69, with the student body almost even divided between Ethiopian and Italian students, (and a few from other countries). Throughout the decades of Ethiopian occupation of Eritrea, most students attending the University were from Ethiopia. There was competition between the University of Asmara and the larger university in Addis Ababa. When the Ethiopian Dergue government announced the Zemetcha (Campaign for National Development Through Cooperation) in 1974, the University of Asmara was shut down for more than a year, leaving only 349 students, a few Camboni sisters and two priests in residence. The school just limped along through the 1970s until 1979 when a new president pushed through a major reorganization of the curriculum and structure. The next years saw an increase in students from 300 to 2,700. New courses, staff, day and evening extension programs and campus buildings revived the University, together with a bilateral agreement to exchange students and faculty with the University of Addis Ababa, particularly focusing on graduate training in Addis to produce faculty for Eritrea. A new infusion of money stimulated growth through the early 1980s, enriching the library system and reopening facilities that had been shut down. But the late 80s saw political changes. Eritrean youth were admitted to the University under a quota system that granted them only 9 percent of the places. Dramatic growth of the Eritrean Independence Struggle against Ethiopian occupation attracted more and more young people into the Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front (EPLF). By 1989, the Dergue was not interested in supporting the University, closing everything except programs in Marine Biology, Geology, and Arid Zone Agriculture. Finally, the Social Science programs were dismantled and moved in their entirety including faculty and staff to a rural area in southern Ethiopia. Protests and riots erupted in Eritrea and many students were wounded or killed in the confrontations.
Liberation and Regeneration
Eritrea was liberated in May, 1991 and by the following September, the new provisional government reopened the University as an autonomous institution. In the 12 short years since taking on new life, the University has grown and expanded into a major force for national development and progress.
Positions Available in College of Agriculture
- Code No. – CoA 1-2005
Position – Professor in Horticulture in the area of Fruit production
Qualifications – Ph.D
Teach horticulture courses to Plant Science students
Develop and conduct research activities in the area of horticulture
Participate in other academic activities conducted by the faculty
Effective Date: August 2005
Interested applicants should submit a CV and copies of all higher educational diplomas, as well as letters of reference from previous employers to:
The University of Asmara
Department of HRM&D
PO Box 1220
Fax : 291-1-162236