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World University Rankings by Subject 2016 - Veterinary Science

Each of the subject rankings is compiled using four sources. 
The first two of these are QS’s global surveys of academics and employers, 
which are used to assess institutions’ international reputation in each subject. 
The second two indicators assess research impact, based on research citations per 
paper and h-index in the relevant subject. These are sourced from Elsevier’s Scopus 
database, the world’s most comprehensive research citations database.  
These four components are combined to produce the results for each of the subject 
rankings, with weightings adapted for each discipline.
1. Academic reputation
QS’s global survey of academics has been at the heart of the QS World University 
Rankings® since their inception in 2004. In 2016, the QS World University Rankings 
by Subject draws on responses from 76,798 academicsworldwide.
Having provided their name, contact details, job title and the institution where 
they are based, respondents identify the countries, regions and faculty areas they 
have most familiarity with, and up to two narrower subject disciplines in which they 
consider themselves expert. For each of the (up to five) faculty areas they identify, 
respondents are asked to list up to 10 domestic and 30 international institutions which 
they consider excellent for research in the given area. They are not able to select their 
own institution.
For the QS World University Rankings by Subject, the results of the survey are filtered 
according to the narrow area of expertise identified by respondents. While academics can 
select up to two narrow areas of expertise, greater emphasis is placed on respondents who 
have identified only one.
2. Employer reputation
The QS World University Rankings are unique in incorporating employability as a key factor 
in the evaluation of international universities. In 2016, the QS World University Rankings 
by Subject draws on 44,426 survey responses from graduate employers worldwide.
The employer reputation survey works on a similar basis to the academic one, but without 
the channelling for different faculty areas. Employers are asked to identify up to 10 domestic 
and 30 international institutions they consider excellent for the recruitment of graduates. 
They are also asked to identify the disciplines from which they prefer to recruit. By examining 
the intersection of these two questions, we can infer a measure of excellence in a given discipline.
3. Research citations per paper
For the QS World University Rankings by Subject we measure citations per paper, rather than 
citations per faculty member. This is due to the impracticality of reliably gathering faculty 
numbers broken down by discipline for each institution.
A minimum publication threshold is set for each subject to avoid potential anomalies stemming 
from small numbers of highly cited papers. Both the minimum publications threshold and the 
weighting applied to the citations indicator are adapted in order to best reflect prevalent 
publication and citation patterns in a given discipline. All citations data is sourced from 
the Scopus, spanning a five-year period.
4. H-index
Since 2013, a score based on ‘h-index’ has also been incorporated in the QS World University 
Rankings by Subject. The h-index is a way of measuring both the productivity and impact of the 
published work of a scientist or scholar. The index is based on the set of the scientist’s most 
cited papers and the number of citations that s/he has received in other publications.
The h-index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of a group of scientists, such 
as a department or university or country, as well as a scholarly journal. The index was suggested 
by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist at UCSD, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists’ 
relative quality, and is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number.
How are large research collaborations assessed?
For 2016, QS has introduced an improvement to the assessment of research papers with authors 
from an exceptionally large number of institutions. This situation occurs most frequently in 
scientific subjects such as high-energy physics, cosmology or genomics, where large-scale 
international collaborations are common.
If each institution involved in such papers receives full credit for the citations, even very 
important papers can end up accounting for too large an impact on the ranking results. Yet 
it is equally undesirable to give each institution a share of the credit, as this could 
discourage research collaborations among groups of any size.
With the support of the QS Global Academic Advisory Board, the solution adopted is to omit 
any paper with more than 99.9% of the average number of institutional affiliations for the 
subject in question. This replaces the previous approach of omitting all papers with more 
than 10 institutional affiliations, which unfairly penalised certain scientific fields, 
such as medicine.
Weightings
As research cultures and publication rates vary significantly across academic areas, 
the QS World University Rankings by Subject applies a different weighting of the above indicators 
in each subject. For example, in medicine, where publication rates are very high, research 
citations and the h-index account for 25% of each university’s total score. On the other hand, 
in much lower publication areas such as history, these research-related indicators only account 
for 15% of the total ranking score. Meanwhile in subjects such as art and design, where there are 
too few papers published to be statistically significant, the ranking is based solely on the 
employer and academic surveys.

Each of the subject rankings is compiled using four sources. The first two of these are QS’s global surveys of academics and employers, which are used to assess institutions’ international reputation in each subject. The second two indicators assess research impact, based on research citations per paper and h-index in the relevant subject. These are sourced from Elsevier’s Scopus database, the world’s most comprehensive research citations database.  
These four components are combined to produce the results for each of the subject rankings, with weightings adapted for each discipline.
1. Academic reputationQS’s global survey of academics has been at the heart of the QS World University Rankings® since their inception in 2004. In 2016, the QS World University Rankings by Subject draws on responses from 76,798 academicsworldwide.
Having provided their name, contact details, job title and the institution where they are based, respondents identify the countries, regions and faculty areas they have most familiarity with, and up to two narrower subject disciplines in which they consider themselves expert. For each of the (up to five) faculty areas they identify, respondents are asked to list up to 10 domestic and 30 international institutions which they consider excellent for research in the given area. They are not able to select their own institution.
For the QS World University Rankings by Subject, the results of the survey are filtered according to the narrow area of expertise identified by respondents. While academics can select up to two narrow areas of expertise, greater emphasis is placed on respondents who have identified only one.
2. Employer reputationThe QS World University Rankings are unique in incorporating employability as a key factor in the evaluation of international universities. In 2016, the QS World University Rankings by Subject draws on 44,426 survey responses from graduate employers worldwide.
The employer reputation survey works on a similar basis to the academic one, but without the channelling for different faculty areas. Employers are asked to identify up to 10 domestic and 30 international institutions they consider excellent for the recruitment of graduates. They are also asked to identify the disciplines from which they prefer to recruit. By examining the intersection of these two questions, we can infer a measure of excellence in a given discipline.
3. Research citations per paperFor the QS World University Rankings by Subject we measure citations per paper, rather than citations per faculty member. This is due to the impracticality of reliably gathering faculty numbers broken down by discipline for each institution.
A minimum publication threshold is set for each subject to avoid potential anomalies stemming from small numbers of highly cited papers. Both the minimum publications threshold and the weighting applied to the citations indicator are adapted in order to best reflect prevalent publication and citation patterns in a given discipline. All citations data is sourced from the Scopus, spanning a five-year period.
4. H-indexSince 2013, a score based on ‘h-index’ has also been incorporated in the QS World University Rankings by Subject. The h-index is a way of measuring both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. The index is based on the set of the scientist’s most cited papers and the number of citations that s/he has received in other publications.
The h-index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of a group of scientists, such as a department or university or country, as well as a scholarly journal. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist at UCSD, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists’ relative quality, and is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number.

How are large research collaborations assessed?For 2016, QS has introduced an improvement to the assessment of research papers with authors from an exceptionally large number of institutions. This situation occurs most frequently in scientific subjects such as high-energy physics, cosmology or genomics, where large-scale international collaborations are common.
If each institution involved in such papers receives full credit for the citations, even very important papers can end up accounting for too large an impact on the ranking results. Yet it is equally undesirable to give each institution a share of the credit, as this could discourage research collaborations among groups of any size.
With the support of the QS Global Academic Advisory Board, the solution adopted is to omit any paper with more than 99.9% of the average number of institutional affiliations for the subject in question. This replaces the previous approach of omitting all papers with more than 10 institutional affiliations, which unfairly penalised certain scientific fields, such as medicine.
WeightingsAs research cultures and publication rates vary significantly across academic areas, the QS World University Rankings by Subject applies a different weighting of the above indicators in each subject. For example, in medicine, where publication rates are very high, research citations and the h-index account for 25% of each university’s total score. On the other hand, in much lower publication areas such as history, these research-related indicators only account for 15% of the total ranking score. Meanwhile in subjects such as art and design, where there are too few papers published to be statistically significant, the ranking is based solely on the employer and academic surveys.

 

1 University of California, Davis LogoUniversity of California, Davis United States

2 Cornell University LogoCornell University United States

3 Royal Veterinary College , University of London  LogoRoyal Veterinary College , University of London United Kingdom

4 University of Cambridge LogoUniversity of Cambridge United Kingdom

5 University of Pennsylvania LogoUniversity of Pennsylvania United States

6 University of Liverpool LogoUniversity of Liverpool United Kingdom

7 Utrecht University LogoUtrecht University Netherlands

8 University of Guelph LogoUniversity of Guelph Canada

9 The University of Sydney LogoThe University of Sydney Australia

10 University of Copenhagen LogoUniversity of Copenhagen Denmark

11 University of Bristol LogoUniversity of Bristol United Kingdom

12 The University of Edinburgh LogoThe University of Edinburgh United Kingdom

13 Colorado State University United States

14 Texas A&M University LogoTexas A&M University United States

15 Michigan State University LogoMichigan State University United States

16 University of Glasgow LogoUniversity of Glasgow United Kingdom

17 North Carolina State University United States

18 The University of Melbourne LogoThe University of Melbourne Australia

19 Wageningen University LogoWageningen University Netherlands

20 Ghent University LogoGhent University Belgium

21 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona LogoUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona Spain

22 The Ohio State University LogoThe Ohio State University United States

23 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München LogoLudwig-Maximilians-Universität München Germany

24 University of Florida United States

25 Massey University LogoMassey University New Zealand

26 University of Zurich LogoUniversity of Zurich Switzerland

27 University of Wisconsin-Madison LogoUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison United States

28 University of Minnesota LogoUniversity of Minnesota United States

29 The University of Queensland LogoThe University of Queensland Australia

30 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Sweden

31 University College Dublin LogoUniversity College Dublin Ireland

32 Purdue University LogoPurdue University United States

33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign LogoUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States

34 University of Missouri, Columbia United States

35 The University of Nottingham LogoThe University of Nottingham United Kingdom

36 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna Austria

37 Murdoch University LogoMurdoch University Australia

38 Universidade de São Paulo LogoUniversidade de São Paulo Brazil

39 Washington State University United States

40 The University of Georgia United States

41 Iowa State University United States

42 Norwegian School of Veterinary Science Norway

43 University Complutense Madrid Spain

44 Freie Universitaet Berlin LogoFreie Universitaet Berlin Germany

45 Université de Montréal  LogoUniversité de Montréal Canada

46 UNESP LogoUNESP Brazil

47 University of Milan LogoUniversity of Milan Italy

48 Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna LogoAlma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna Italy

49 Université de Liège Belgium

50 University of Saskatchewan

 

 

 

 

 

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