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Seoul National University College of Veterinary Medicine

At the same time it is committed to preparing students to work and live in an increasingly competitive global environment. As South Korea's first national university, Seoul National University has a tradition of standing up for democracy and peace on the Korean peninsula.
Graduates have long served as public servants in key positions of the Korean government. In teaching, research, 
and public service, Seoul National University continues to set the standard of excellence. The mission of Seoul National University in the twenty-first century is to create a vibrant intellectual community where students and scholars join together in building the future. As Korea's leading research university, Seoul National University is committed to diversifying its student body and faculty, fostering global exchange, and promoting path-breaking research in all fields of knowledge.The Founding YearsFrom the founding of the University in October of 1946, through the Korean War, to the re-opening of the school in September of 1953. The early years of Seoul National University was marked by trials and tribulations during a time of turmoil. After gaining independence from Japan in 1945, a hundred dignitaries of the Korean Education Council proposed opening a national university by making use of the Seoul Imperial College buildings. 
Gaining support of the Korean officials working at the Education Department of the United States Army Military Government, a proposal to establish “Seoul National University” was formally announced on July 13, 1946, and was formalized in an Act to establish Seoul National University on August 27, 1946.  
Following the Act, Seoul National University opened in October of 1946 with nine colleges and one graduate school. The Colleges included were those of the Humanities, Engineering, Agriculture, Law, Education, Commerce, Medicine, Arts, and Dentistry.
However, a lot of students and professors objected to the idea of opening a national university, leading to a campaign to oppose establishment of the national university. This demonstration spread throughout the country, involving 57 universities and more than 40,000 students. However a counter-campaign supporting the establishment of a national university arose as well, demanding that classes continue. As a result, 4,956 students who started the demonstration were expelled in May of 1947, 3,158 of whom were readmitted to the university on Independence Day of the same year.
The University was finally able to resume classes in September of 1947, after a year of chaos. On Independence Day of 1948, Seoul National University changed its official Korean name to “Seoul University” signifying a brand new start. Unfortunately, the challenge to establish a national university continued. Due to the Korean War in 1950, the University had to evacuate and relocate to Busan. Along with other private universities that had evacuated to Busan, the University formed a “War-time United University System” which lasted from February of 1951 to May of 1952. With the disassembly of the system in June of 1952, the University established its main campus in Busan. Even during this time of evacuation, the faculty and students worked hard to expand the spectrum of learning for students: the College of Pharmacy was established in September of 1950; the College of Art was divided into the College of Fine Arts and College of Music in April of 1953; the Department of Veterinary Medicine in the College of Agriculture was made into the College of Veterinary Medicine. As a result, the university became an integrated educational institute with 12 colleges and a graduate school.
The Formative Years: Building the University of the Nation 
From return to Seoul in September of 1953, to February of 1975. With the suspension of the Korean War, Seoul National University returned to Seoul in September of 1953. However, the aftermath of the war was disastrous for the university. In some departments, more than half of the students went missing during the war and many of the professors had crossed the border to North Korea, been kidnapped, or expelled. The original campus had been demolished due to its usage as an army base. Moreover, ancient documents that were kept in Kyujanggak as national treasures had to be found and restored, after having been packed and hidden by North Koreans with the intention of extracting them to north.  The University soon began restoration with the goal of building a university for the nation. It was determined to be the premier institution of higher education that could represent the country, and further enrich the future of the nation. To ensure its autonomy, the university adopted the system of getting the consent of the professors in appointing the president and vice president of the school beginning in 1954. Also in 1955, the symbols and other elements representing university identity of each College were unified and became those currently used today. Also, the Graduate Schools of Public Health and Public Administration were established during this time. Through the administering of strict entrance exams beginning in 1955, only the most highly qualified students began to enter the University. Young and passionate professors joined the school as well, placing the school as the indisputable leader of higher education in Korea. When the country’s corrupted regime engaged in illegal elections that destroyed the fundamentals of democracy, the students and professors of Seoul National University led the “April 19 Revolution.” The movement was at first considered to be successful. However, after one year, a coup d’etat arose and the military government suppressed the University’s attempts to democratize and keep its autonomy. The military government drafted elite manpower of the University and mobilized them to serve for the implementation of its economic development plans. The system to appoint the president only with the consent of the professors was denied and educational autonomy was completely banned. On the other hand, specialized graduate schools were allowed to be established. During this era, the Graduate School of Law (1962), Education (1963), Mass Communication (1967) and Environmental Studies (1973) were established. Students continued to protest against the dictatorship of the military government through demonstrations for democracy. Students from Seoul National University led the demonstration of June 3, 1965, objecting to the Korea-Japan Treaty. Also during this period, the “Ten-Year Development Plan” was finalized in 1968 and the University began its preparations to relocate its campuses.
Integrating the University System From February of 1975 when the main campus was moved to Gwanak to December of 1987 All Colleges and Graduate Schools except for the College of Medicine and the College of Pharmacy, which remained on the Yeongeon-dong campus, and the College of Agriculture, which remained in Suwon, moved to the current Gwanak campus in February of 1975. In this process, some changes were made to the organization of the colleges: the College of Art and Literature and the College of Commerce were divided into the Colleges of Humanities, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences and Business Administration. The university was now reorganized with 15 Colleges, one Graduate School, and three Specialized Schools. Professors were also integrated according to majors.   But at University there was never much peace, with students and professors engaged in the democratization movement against the dictatorship of the military government. The government even threatened to close down the University with “Emergency Measure No. 9.” The authorities from the government stationed on campus, and formed a system to mobilize the professors to ban student demonstrations. With the July 30 Educational Renovation Measure of 1980, the main entrance exam system was officially dismantled. The Measure also forced universities to increase admissions numbers while imposing quotas on the numbers of graduating students. Private tutoring for high school students was also banned. As a result, the Gwanak campus saw the size of its student body double and suffered from a shortage of facilities. The entire campus became almost like a construction site when the building of new facilities started with a fund which was formed too late. The goal of “research-oriented education” Seoul National University once attempted to achieve after the opening of the Gwanak campus seemed to be delayed for the foreseeable future due to the policies enforced by the military government.
Democratization of the University 
From June of 1987, when the military government surrendered to the civil democratization movement followed by the “June 29 Democratization Declaration”, to December of 1999. The military government had realized that any further suppression of student and civil movements longing for democracy would lead to the fall of the regime. A presidential candidate from the ruling military party initiated the announcement of the “June 29 Democratization Declaration” to avoid any further turmoil. The 6th Republic brought back the system which was taken away by the military government: the president of the university was again elected by the professors and the council of professors was restored. With the inauguration of “Civil Government” in February of 1993, all students of the university once expelled for demonstration against the government were re-admitted to the university. Finally, the university became stable and normalized, and many research centers in diversified fields were established. During the "Civilian Government", the BK21 Project, a government-sponsored educational enhancement program, was launched and the university was able to establish and reinforce specialized research institutes. 
From a National University to a Global University
The beginning of the 21st century and beyond
The “Ten-Year University Development Program,”
which was adopted in 1977, declares three ideal characteristics that the school is to continually strive to embody: “a university of education,” “a university of the nation” and “a global university.”
The Program was developed into “Future Ideals in the 2000s”, which was adopted in 1995 as part of efforts to become “A Graduate School-Centered International University.” This was modified in the beginning of the 21st century with more emphasis put on undergraduate and general education, that the school should be developed into a world-class research and graduate school-centered university.
The “Long-Term Development Plan” was adopted in 2007 with clear visions in three stages: enhancing educational achievement at the highest level globally by the year 2010; securing the highest world-class level of research capability by focusing on interdisciplinary research by 2015; and leading the university to become a world-class research university by the year 2025.

Contact: 
Gwanak _ 599 Gwanak-ro,
Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742,
Korea Tel: 82-2-880-4447
Fax: 82-2-880-4449

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