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University of Arid Agriculture Rawalipndi

In Pakistan almost 80% of the total area is arid and semi arid area. The natural vegetation is xerophytic comprising evergreen wooded shrubs. This picture shows that the area has great potential for dairy beef, and mutton production. There are many constrains faced by our farmer regarding the production and health of animals. This requires the killed manpower to handle the situation and to train our farmer so that they can not only earn but can play role in boosting our national economy. Under these circumstances, the establishment of the faculty at UAAR was imperative. The faculty was established in 2006 under HEC funded project with a big amount of 468 millions. The faculty is the place of bright future for the students, researchers and farmers.
History
Livestock Production and Management is the mandate of Agriculture as it is said "A Land Rich in Livestock is Never Poor and A Land Poor in Livestock is Never Rich".
Livestock and Poultry sector is one of biggest industry in Pakistan. Livestock sector contributes almost 50 percent to the value addition in the agriculture sector, and almost 11 percent to Pakistan's GDP, which is higher than the contribution made by the crop sector (47.4% in agriculture and 10.3% in GDP). The role of livestock sector in the rural economy of Pakistan is very critical as 30-35 million rural population of the country are engaged for their livelihood. Within the livestock sector, milk is the largest and the single most important commodity. Despite decades of neglect, Pakistan is the fifth largest milk producer in the world. The total value of milk produced is higher than the value of two major crops, that is, wheat and cotton. In the previous year the performance of livestock, the single largest sector accounting for almost one - half of agricultural value added, has been impressive as this sector grew by 8.0 percent.
In the barani area, where the cash crops found relatively less opportunity to grow, livestock can grow on naturally found vegetation. The animals are efficient utilizer of low grade vegetation. It is further added as regard to barani areas, it is said to be excellent for livestock production, for instance, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, New Zealand and many other countries can be named in this context where livestock raising in the rain fed condition, has been specialized and in many cases the national economics hinge around livestock. Rawalpindi is the developed pouch of poultry sector. For the need of developed poultry sector, the UAAR was already offering M.Sc. (Hons) Poultry Husbandry in collaboration with Poultry Research Institute since 2001. No undergraduate degree in Animal and Veterinary Sciences was offered until 2006; therefore the Faculty of Veterinary of Animal Sciences was established with the following objectives:
It will take on responsibility of providing leadership in development of livestock, poultry and other allied sectors in the barani Areas of Punjab in general and local region in particular.
To provide better education, teaching, training, and research in the Veterinary and Animal Sciences. Under mentioned degrees and diplomas are currently being offered at the Faculty:
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) 5 year program
M.Sc (Hons) Poultry Husbandry
Livestock Assistant Diploma (LAD) 2 Years at Sub-Campus Khoshab
To undertake extension activities in the field of livestock to benefit the community by their higher knowledge and expertise.
To provide the required professional and skilled manpower for the development of livestock, poultry and allied sectors
To open avenues of international cooperation in education, teaching, research and latest technologies in animal sector.
Pakistan is predominantly an agricultural country. However, since its independence in 1947, emphasis has been on irrigated agriculture, while the dryland / arid agriculture remained neglected. With rapid increase in population the irrigated areas failed to provide food requirements and it became imperative to find out ways to make use of the huge part of culturable land in the rainfed region. In the 1970s, the Government of Pakistan constituted a Barani Commission to review and recommend measures for the development of rainfed agriculture and uplift of the poor masses through education, research, and development of technology, and manpower. Pursuant to the recommendations of the Barani Commission, the Government of Punjab established Barani Agricultural College, Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. The mandate of the University is to produce high-quality agricultural scientists and to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dryland regions of the country, thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor and irrigated & arid areas.
The University includes a Faculty of Crop and Food Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Faculty of Livestock and Range Management, Directorate of Advance Studies and Research, the University Institute of Management Sciences (UIMS), University Institute of Information Technology (UIIT) and Division of Continuing Education, Home Economics and Women Development. The University offers a number of degree programmes leading to Bachelor, Master and PhD in various disciplines.
Pursuit of excellence on the University campus is a function of competent and dedicated university faculty. The University of Arid Agriculture has, therefore, made constant efforts at staff development with the result that nearly 46% of the faculty possesses Ph.D. degrees, while the others have M.Sc. (Hons) and M.Phil degrees.
The University is open to all persons regardless of religion, race, creed, class or colour, and no one is deprived of the benefits accruing from the University on any such grounds.
The University is located in Rawalpindi almost in the center of the twin, cosmopolitan cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, the capital of the country. They are situated in the northern part of Pakistan on the Pothowar plateau in the Province of Punjab. These cities are beautiful towns located in the foothills with a blend of old and new cultures and constructions. The towns provide pollution free environment, scenic pothowar vegetation and topography of plateau land. The twin cities have a population of about 2 millions.
The University building with its most beautiful architectural design in the twin-cities is situated on Murree Road, close to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium where transport is frequently available which provides the university an easy approach from all parts of the twin-cities at all hours of the day. This facility and busy nature of the area allows the University to continue its curricular and co-curricular activities till late in the evening. The University building contains an auditorium, multi-storied administrative block, a library, a museum, and four multi-stories academic blocks.
The central location of the university places it in proximity to major institutions of higher learning and research like Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), National Agricultural Research Centre(NARC), National Institute of Health (NIH), Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH), Rawalpindi Medical College, Poultry Research Institute, Fisheries Research and Training Institute and International Institute for Biological Control of the Common Wealth and Agency for Barani Areas Development (ABAD). The location of University also allows the utilization of expertise scattered in the twin cities for providing quality education by teachers/executives in fields of their specialization.
Collaborative research and teaching programmes are being developed with these institutions for better teaching and research facilities for the students. The University has signed MoUs with Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad; Agriculture University of Hebei, China; International Center for Agriculture Research in Dryland Areas (ICARDA), Syria; and Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department to assist each other in teaching, research and extension activities.

Contact:
Phone: +92-51-9290150 Ext 257
http://www.uaar.edu.pk/

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